Well, it’s nice to keep everything is in the right place – this statement also applies to teeth. Occupying the desired position, the tooth correctly contacts its complementing tooth during closure. As a result, the jaws functions correctly.
Tooth dystopia is the abnormal location of the tooth unit outside the arc. Pathology is expressed when the tooth erupts in the wrong place or position. It can grow outside the dentition, be tilted or rotated around its own axis. In practice, most often there is a dystopia of wisdom teeth.
Why Does Tooth Dystopia Occur?
A popular reason is the problematic growth of eights. When there is not enough space in the dentition, they begin to squeeze the “neighbors”. This makes the sevens move. Genetics. A child can inherit from its parents with too narrow a jaw or wide crowns.
During teething, there is not enough space on the jaw. Then they are forced to shift to the second row.
- Baby habits of sucking pacifiers, fingers and pens.
- Premature loss of primary teeth leads to impaired molar growth.
- Mechanical injury.
Dystopia of a tooth causes a lot of psychological and physiological difficulties, such as:
- The aesthetics of the face change. Pathology distorts the smile of a person. For example, excessive crowding of the teeth may appear. Incorrectly positioned dental units deforms the proportions of the face. Patients with an anomaly are embarrassed to smile and talk to avoid showing their problem.
- A functionally abnormal bite is formed. Teeth press healthy dental units, preventing them from developing normally. Because of this, the jaw ratio is violated and their efficiency decreases.
- Caries: It is difficult to maintain good oral hygiene. Food particles are clogged in hard to reach places. Over time, plaque accumulates on the enamel. It can cause carious formations on a dystopic tooth and adjacent dental units.
- Inflammatory processes cause malocclusion in patients. Gum pockets are formed where bacteria accumulate. This is what provokes inflammation i.e. pericoronitis.
- Injuries: Doped teeth are inclined or move beyond the alveolar hole. They can injure the cheeks, tongue and lips in the process of chewing food.
- Threat to the digestive tract: If the jaw does not connect correctly, it is not possible to chew the food properly. Large pieces of food disturb the digestive system.
Tooth Dystopia Treatment
- Grinding sharp tubercles: This procedure is sufficient if the anomaly does not seriously affect the functionality of the bite or the attractiveness of a smile.
- Bracket treatment: This method is resorted to when there is a free spot in the dentition for a dystopian patient.
- Removal of some dental units: For example, eights that injure adjacent teeth are removed. Before installing braces, premolar can be removed. This is a necessary measure when you need to free up space for a canine. Teeth are eliminated in the presence of jaw cysts, pulpitis, periostitis and periodontitis. Each treatment option is selected individually.